Rulebooks: Contents

Rulebooks
Mainboard Rules
Definitions and Interpretation
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Equity Securities
Chapter 3 Debt Securities
Chapter 4 Investment Funds
Chapter 5 Structured Warrants
Chapter 6 Prospectus, Offering Memorandum and Introductory Document
Chapter 7 Continuing Obligations
Chapter 8 Changes in Capital
Chapter 9 Interested Person Transactions
Chapter 10 Acquisitions and Realisations
Chapter 11 Takeovers
Chapter 12 Circulars, Annual Reports and Electronic Communications
Chapter 13 Trading Halt, Suspension and Delisting
Chapter 14 Disciplinary and Appeals Procedures, and Enforcement Powers of the Exchange
Appendices
Practice Notes
Report of the Committee and Code of Corporate Governance
Catalist Rules
SGX-ST Rules
CDP Clearing Rules
CDP Settlement Rules
DVP Rules [Entire Rulebook has been deleted]
CDP Depository Rules
Futures Trading Rules
SGX-DC Clearing Rules
SIAC DT Arbitration Rules
SIAC DC Arbitration Rules
Archive
Rule Amendments

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  • Chapter 10 Acquisitions and Realisations

    • Part I Scope of Chapter

      • 1001

        This Chapter sets out the rules for transactions by issuers, principally acquisitions and realisations. It does not matter whether the consideration paid or received is cash, shares, other securities, other assets, or any combination of these. This Chapter also describes how transactions are classified, what the requirements are for announcements, and whether a circular and shareholder approval is required.

    • Part II Definitions

      • 1002

        Unless the context otherwise requires:—

        (1) "transaction" refers to the acquisition or disposal of assets by an issuer or a subsidiary that is not listed on the Exchange or an approved Exchange, including an option to acquire or dispose of assets. It excludes an acquisition or disposal which is in, or in connection with, the ordinary course of its business or of a revenue nature.
        (2)"assets" includes securities and business undertaking(s).
        (3)
        (a) "net assets" means total assets less total liabilities.
        (b) "net profits" means profit or loss before income tax, minority interests and extraordinary items.
        (c) the net asset and net profit figures used for comparison with the transaction(s) under consideration will be taken from the latest announced consolidated accounts. The Exchange may allow the issuer's net asset value or net profit to be adjusted to take into account any transaction(s) completed subsequent to the latest announced consolidated accounts provided that adequate information about such transaction(s) has already been announced to shareholders.
        (4) "market value" means the weighted average price of the issuer's shares transacted on the market day preceding the date of the sale and purchase agreement.
        (5) "market capitalisation" of the issuer is determined by multiplying the number of shares in issue by the weighted average price of such shares transacted on the market day preceding the date of the sale and purchase agreement.

    • Part III Basis of Valuation

      • 1003

        In determining the basis of valuation of a transaction, the Exchange will apply the following rules:—

        (1) In any acquisition or disposal of shares, the value will be assessed by reference to:—
        (a) in the case of unlisted shares, the net asset value represented by such shares; and
        (b) in the case of listed shares, the market value represented by such shares.
        (2) In any acquisition or disposal of assets other than shares, the value will be assessed by reference to the book value of the assets or, if a valuation has been carried out for the purpose of the acquisition or disposal, the market value of the assets.
        (3) Where the consideration is in the form of shares, the value of the consideration shall be determined by reference either to the market value of such shares or the net asset value represented by such shares, whichever is higher.

    • Part IV Classification of Transactions

      • 1004

        Transactions are classified into the following categories:—

        (a) Non-discloseable transactions;
        (b) Discloseable transactions;
        (c) Major transactions; and
        (d) Very substantial acquisitions or reverse takeovers.

      • 1005

        In determining whether a transaction falls into category (a), (b), (c) or (d) of Rule 1004, the Exchange may aggregate separate transactions completed within the last 12 months and treat them as if they were one transaction.

      • 1006

        A transaction may fall into category (a), (b), (c) or (d) of Rule 1004 depending on the size of the relative figures computed on the following bases:—

        (a) The net asset value of the assets to be disposed of, compared with the group's net asset value. This basis is not applicable to an acquisition of assets.
        (b) The net profits attributable to the assets acquired or disposed of, compared with the group's net profits.
        (c) The aggregate value of the consideration given or received, compared with the issuer's market capitalisation based on the total number of issued shares excluding treasury shares.
        (d) The number of equity securities issued by the issuer as consideration for an acquisition, compared with the number of equity securities previously in issue.
        (e) The aggregate volume or amount of proved and probable reserves to be disposed of, compared with the aggregate of the group's proved and probable reserves. This basis is applicable to a disposal of mineral, oil or gas assets by a mineral, oil and gas company, but not to an acquisition of such assets. If the reserves are not directly comparable, the Exchange may permit valuations to be used instead of volume or amount.

        Amended on 27 September 2013 and 23 August 2018.

      • 1007

        (1) If any of the relative figures computed pursuant to Rule 1006 is a negative figure, this Chapter may still be applicable to the transaction at the discretion of the Exchange, and issuers should consult the Exchange.
        (2) Where the disposal of an issuer's interest in a subsidiary is undertaken in conjunction with an issue of shares by that subsidiary, the relative figures in Rule 1006 must be computed based on the disposal and the issue of shares.

    • Part V Non-Discloseable Transactions

      • 1008

        (1) Unless Rule 703, 905 or 1009 applies, no announcement of the transaction is required if all of the relative figures computed on the bases set out in Rule 1006 amount to 5% or less.
        (2) However, if the issuer wishes to announce the transaction, the announcement must include:—
        (a) details of the consideration as required in Rule 1010(3); and
        (b) the value of assets acquired or disposed of as required in Rule 1010(5).

      • 1009

        If the consideration is satisfied wholly or partly in securities for which listing is being sought, the issuer must announce the transaction as soon as possible after the terms have been agreed, stating the information set out in Part VI.

    • Part VI Discloseable Transactions

      • 1010

        Where any of the relative figures computed on the bases set out in Rule 1006 exceeds 5% but does not exceed 20%, an issuer must, after terms have been agreed, immediately announce the following:—

        (1) Particulars of the assets acquired or disposed of, including the name of any company or business, where applicable;
        (2) A description of the trade carried on, if any;
        (3) The aggregate value of the consideration, stating the factors taken into account in arriving at it and how it will be satisfied, including the terms of payment;
        (4) Whether there are any material conditions attaching to the transaction including a put, call or other option and details thereof;
        (5) The value (book value, net tangible asset value and the latest available open market value) of the assets being acquired or disposed of, and in respect of the latest available valuation, the value placed on the assets, the party who commissioned the valuation and the basis and date of such valuation;
        (6) In the case of a disposal, the excess or deficit of the proceeds over the book value, and the intended use of the sale proceeds. In the case of an acquisition, the source(s) of funds for the acquisition;
        (7) The net profits attributable to the assets being acquired or disposed of. In the case of a disposal, the amount of any gain or loss on disposal;
        (8) The effect of the transaction on the net tangible assets per share of the issuer for the most recently completed financial year, assuming that the transaction had been effected at the end of that financial year;
        (9) The effect of the transaction on the earnings per share of the issuer for the most recently completed financial year, assuming that the transaction had been effected at the beginning of that financial year;
        (10) The rationale for the transaction including the benefits which are expected to accrue to the issuer as a result of the transaction;
        (11) Whether any director or controlling shareholder has any interest, direct or indirect, in the transaction and the nature of such interests; and
        (12) Details of any service contracts of the directors proposed to be appointed to the issuer in connection with the transaction.
        (13) The relative figures that were computed on the bases set out in Rule 1006.

      • 1011

        Where a sale and purchase agreement is entered into, or a valuation is conducted on the assets to be acquired, the issuer must include a statement in the announcement that a copy of the relevant agreement, or valuation, report is available for inspection during normal business hours at the issuer's registered office for 3 months from the date of the announcement.

      • 1012

        Where the announcement in Rule 1010 contains a profit forecast, which may include any statement which quantifies the anticipated level of future profits, the issuer must announce the following additional information:—

        (a) Details of the principal assumptions including commercial assumptions upon which the forecast is based;
        (b) Confirmation from the issuer's auditors that they have reviewed the bases and assumptions, accounting policies and calculations for the forecast, and setting out their report on the bases, assumptions, policies and calculations;
        (c) A report from the issuer's financial adviser, if one is appointed, confirming that it is satisfied that the forecast has been stated by the directors after due and careful enquiry. If no such adviser has been appointed in connection with the transaction, the issuer must submit a letter from the board of directors confirming that the forecast has been made by them after due and careful enquiry.

      • 1013

        (1) Where an issuer enters into a discloseable transaction, a major transaction, a very substantial acquisition or a reverse takeover and accepts a profit guarantee or a profit forecast (or any covenant which quantifies the anticipated level of future profits) from a vendor of assets/business, the issuer's announcement in Rule 1010 must contain information on the profit guarantee or the profit forecast, including the following:—
        (a) The views of the board of directors of the issuer in accepting the profit guarantee or the profit forecast and the factors taken into consideration and basis for such a view;
        (b) The principal assumptions including commercial bases and assumptions upon which the quantum of the profit guarantee or the profit forecast is based;
        (c) The manner and amount of compensation to be paid by the vendor in the event that the profit guarantee or the profit forecast is not met and the conditions precedent, if any, and the detailed basis for such a compensation; and
        (d) The safeguards put in place (such as the use of a banker's guarantee) to ensure the issuer's right of recourse in the event that the profit guarantee or the profit forecast is not met, if any.
        For the avoidance of doubt, the term "profit guarantee" can only be used for transactions where the vendor will compensate the issuer in cash for any shortfall in the level of profits when it provides a quantifiable anticipated level of future profits.
        (2) With reference to Rule 1013(1), where the transaction is a major transaction, a very substantial acquisition or a reverse takeover, the shareholders' circular must contain the information in Rule 1013(1) and the following:—
        (a) A confirmation from the auditors of the business/assets to be acquired that they have reviewed the bases and assumptions, accounting policies and calculations for the profit guarantee or the profit forecast, and their opinion on the bases, assumptions, policies and calculations; and
        (b) A statement by the financial advisor to the issuer as to whether or not they are of the view that the transaction is on normal commercial terms and is not prejudicial to the interest of the issuer and its shareholders.
        (3)
        (a) Where the profit guarantee or the profit forecast has been met, the issuer should immediately announce this via SGXNET. Where the profit guarantee or the profit forecast has not been met, the issuer should immediately announce via SGXNET the following:—
        (i) The variance between the profit guarantee or the profit forecast and the actual profit, and the reason for the variance;
        (ii) any variation of the rights of the issuer; and
        (iii) the possible course(s) of action by the issuer to protect the interests of the shareholders of the issuer, if any. Notwithstanding this, the issuer must provide timely updates on the specific course of action including its progress and outcome of the action.
        (b) Where there is any material variation or amendment in the terms of an agreement, the issuer must immediately make an announcement of such a variation. Where such a variation prejudices the issuer, the board of directors of the issuer must disclose the basis for the acceptance of such a variation.

    • Part VII Major Transactions

      • 1014

        (1) Where any of the relative figures as computed on the bases set out in Rule 1006 exceeds 20%, the transaction is classified as a major transaction. The issuer must, after terms have been agreed, immediately announce the information required in Rules 1010, 1011, 1012 and 1013, where applicable.
        (2) A major transaction must be made conditional upon approval by shareholders in general meeting. A circular containing the information in Rule 1010 must be sent to all shareholders. This rule does not apply in the case of an acquisition of profitable assets if the only limit breached is Rule 1006(b). If the major transaction relates to an acquisition or disposal of mineral, oil or gas asset of a mineral, oil or gas company, the circular to shareholders must contain (i) a qualified person's report that is prepared by an independent qualified person; and (ii) a statement that no material changes have occurred since the effective date of the qualified person's report.The effective date of the qualified person's report must not be more than 6 months from the date of publishing the circular.In the case of a major acquisition, the circular to shareholders must contain a valuation report prepared by an independent qualified person in accordance with the VALMIN Code, SPE-PRMS or an equivalent standard that is acceptable to the Exchange. The effective date of the valuation report must not be more than 6 months from the date of publishing the circular and the contents of the qualified person's report must comply with the requirements as set out in paragraph 5 of Practice Note 6.3. The valuation report may form part of the qualified person's report. In ascertaining whether or not the issuer is required to seek shareholders' approval for the transaction, the issuer should refer to the general principles set out in Practice Note 10.1. Where the issuer is unclear, the issuer should consult and clarify with the Exchange as soon as possible.
        (3) In the case of REITs and property trusts, a disposal of properties is considered to be in its ordinary course of business, provided that the relative figures as computed on the bases set out in Rule 1006 do not exceed 50% based on the aggregate value of all disposals in the last twelve months. In the event any of the relative figures calculated under Rule 1006 on an aggregated basis is 50% or more, the REIT/property trust must seek unitholders' approval under Rule 1014.

        Notwithstanding that the disposal of property may be considered to be in the ordinary course of business, the REIT/property trust will have to comply with Rule 1010.
        (4) Where a major transaction is not completed or is rescinded by any party to the transaction due to any reason, the issuer must immediately announce via SGXNET the following:
        (a) the reasons for the non-completion or rescission of the transaction;
        (b) the financial impact of the non-completion or rescission on the issuer; and
        (c) the possible course(s) of action to protect the interests of the shareholders of the issuer. Notwithstanding this, the issuer must provide timely updates on the specific course of action including its progress and outcome.

        Amended on 27 September 2013 and 23 August 2018.

    • Part VIII Very Substantial Acquisitions or Reverse Takeovers

      • 1015

        (1)
        (a) Where an acquisition of assets (whether or not the acquisition is deemed in the issuer's ordinary course of business) is one where any of the relative figures as computed on the bases set out in Rule 1006 is 100% or more, or is one which will result in a change in control of the issuer, the transaction is classified as a very substantial acquisition or reverse takeover respectively. The issuer must, after terms have been agreed, immediately announce the following :—
        (i) the information required in Rules 1010, 1011, 1012 and 1013, where applicable; and
        (ii) the latest three years of proforma financial information of the assets to be acquired.
        (b) The acquisition must be made conditional upon the approval of shareholders and the approval of the Exchange.
        (2) For very substantial acquisition, the target business to be acquired must be profitable and meets the requirement in Rule 210(4)(a), and the enlarged group must comply with the requirements in Rule 210(5) and (6). The issuer must appoint a competent and independent valuer to value the target business. The Exchange may approve the very substantial acquisition unconditionally or subject to condition(s), or may reject, as it thinks appropriate.
        (3) For reverse takeovers, the incoming business and the enlarged group must comply with the following requirements:—
        (a) The requirements in Rule 210(1), (2)(a) or (b) or (c), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), Part VIII of Chapter 2 and, if applicable, Rule 222. A life science company may rely on the exceptions specified in Rule 210(8). A mineral, oil and gas company must fulfil the additional listing requirements in Rule 210(9). The issuer must appoint a competent and independent valuer to value the incoming business. For the avoidance of doubt, any profit guarantee granted by the vendors will not be taken into consideration for the purpose of compliance with Rule 210(2);
        (b) The reference to "invitation shares" in Rule 210(1)(a) means the minimum prescribed public float based on the total number of issued shares excluding treasury shares of the enlarged group, being 25% for SGX Mainboard issuers.
        (c) The requirements specified in Rules 227, 228 and 229 are applicable to:—
        (i) persons who are existing controlling shareholders or who will become controlling shareholders of the issuer as a result of the asset acquisition; and
        (ii) associates of any person in (i).
        This is also applicable to very substantial acquisition.
        (d) Where the consideration for the acquisition of assets by the issuer is to be satisfied by the issue of shares, the price per share of the issuer after adjusting for any share consolidation must not be lower than S$0.50.
        (4) The issuer must submit the following:—
        (a) A compliance checklist for Rule 210 or Rule 222, whichever is applicable;
        (b) A compliance checklist for the information required in Rule 1015(5); and
        (c) Declaration by each director, controlling shareholder, and executive officer of the acquired company(ies), including officers occupying a managerial position and above who is a relative of any director or controlling shareholder in the form set out in paragraph 8, Part VII of the Fifth Schedule, Securities and Futures (Offers of Investments)(Shares and Debentures) Regulations 2005, as amended from time to time. For very substantial acquisition, declaration by each new director, controlling shareholder, and executive officer must be submitted.
        (5) In relation to the assets to be acquired, the shareholders' circular must contain the following:—
        (a) Information required by Rule 1010, 1011, 1012, 1013 and Part II of Chapter 6 of the Listing Manual, where applicable;
        (b) An accountants' report on the assets to be acquired and the enlarged group. Rule 609 applies to the accountant's report;
        (c) A statement by the directors in the form set out in Rule 610(3); and
        (d) A statement by the financial adviser(s) in the form set out in paragraph 3(d) of Appendix 8.2.
        (6) The Exchange may suspend the securities of the issuer until:—
        (a) the information required in Rule 1010 has been announced (unless the only information missing is insignificant); and
        (b) the issuer has satisfied the Exchange that it meets the admission requirements set out in Rule 1015(3)(a) and (b).
        (7) Rule 1015 does not apply in the case of an acquisition of profitable asset(s) if the only limit breached is Rule 1006(b).
        (8) Rule 113(2) applies to an issuer which is the subject of a reverse takeover, with the necessary adaptations.
        (9) Where a very substantial acquisition or reverse takeover is not completed or is rescinded by any party to the transaction due to any reason, the issuer must immediately announce via SGXNET the following:
        (a) the reasons for the non-completion or rescission of the transaction;
        (b) the financial impact of the non-completion or recission on the issuer; and
        (c) the possible course(s) of action to protect the interests of the shareholders of the issuer. Notwithstanding this, the issuer must provide timely updates on the specific course of action including its progress and outcome.

        Amended on 29 September 2011, 10 August 2012, 27 September 2013 and 23 August 2018.

      • 1016

        Where the assets being acquired are listed on the Exchange, Rule 1015(3)(a) is not applicable.

        Amended on 10 August 2012.

      • 1017

        The Exchange normally applies the same criteria for assessment of IPO to reverse takeovers and may modify any requirement in this Chapter or impose additional requirements if it considers it appropriate, taking into account the rationale for the acquisition, the nature of the issuer's business and its track record.

        Amended on 10 August 2012.

      • 1018 Cash Companies

        (1) If the assets of an issuer consist wholly or substantially of cash or short-dated securities, its securities will normally be suspended. The suspension will remain in force until the issuer has a business which is able to satisfy the Exchange's requirements for a new listing, and all relevant information has been announced. Upon completion of the disposal of its operations and/or assets, the issuer must:—
        (a) Place 90% of its cash and short-dated securities (including existing cash balance and the consideration arising from the disposal(s) undertaken by the issuer) in an account opened with and operated by an escrow agent which is part of any financial institution licensed and approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore. The amount that is placed in the escrow account cannot be drawn down until the completion of the acquisition of a business which is able to satisfy the Exchange's requirements for a new listing, except for payment of expenses incurred in a reverse takeover approved by shareholders and pro-rata distributions to shareholders; and
        (b) Provide monthly valuation of its assets and utilization of cash, and quarterly updates of milestones in obtaining a new business to the market via SGXNET.
        Taking the above compliance into account, the Exchange may allow continued trading in a cash company's securities on a case-by-case basis, subject to:—
        (c) Contractual undertakings from the issuer's directors, controlling shareholders, chief executive officer and their associates to observe a moratorium on the transfer or disposal of all their interests, direct and indirect, in the securities of the issuer; and
        (d) The period of the moratorium must commence from the date shareholders approve the disposal of business, up to and including the completion date of the acquisition of a business which is able to satisfy the Exchange's requirements for a new listing.
        (2) The Exchange will proceed to remove an issuer from the Official List if it is unable to meet the requirements for a new listing within 12 months from the time it becomes a cash company. The issuer may apply to the Exchange for a maximum 6-month extension to the 12-month period if it has already signed a definitive agreement for the acquisition of a new business, of which the acquisition must be completed in the 6-month extension period. The extension is subject to the issuer providing information to investors on its progress in meeting key milestones in the transaction. In the event the issuer is unable to meet its milestones or complete the relevant acquisition despite the time extension granted, no further extension will be granted and the issuer will be removed from the Official List and a cash exit offer in accordance with Rule 1309 should be made to the issuers' shareholders within 6 months.

        Amended on 7 October 2015.

    • Part IX Options to Acquire or Dispose of Assets

      • 1019

        The following rules apply to options to acquire or dispose of assets:—

        (1) If the option is not exercisable at the discretion of the issuer, shareholder approval must be obtained at the time of grant of the option.
        (2) If the option is exercisable at the discretion of the issuer and the exercise terms are fixed at the time of grant, shareholder approval must be obtained at the time of grant of the option.
        (3) If the option is exercisable at the discretion of the issuer and the exercise terms are not fixed, but are based on factors existing at the time of exercise, the issuer must obtain shareholder approval at the time of exercise of the option. At the time of acquisition or grant of the option, the issuer must make an appropriate announcement.

    • Part X Undertaking Business in Investment Fund Management

      • 1020

        Where an issuer, which had originally qualified for a listing of its equity securities under Chapter 2, intends to set up an investment fund or undertake any business(es) in investment fund management, which in aggregate, exceeds 50% of the issuer's net asset value, the issuer must demonstrate to the Exchange that it satisfies the listing requirements for investment funds stipulated in Chapter 4 before it takes any steps to undertake such a business, whether through a transaction or a series of transactions.